How to Stay Warm and Build a Shelter with the Right Survival Gear
From getting lost in the woods to experiencing a natural disaster, being prepared for an emergency should always begin with the right Survival Gear. It is essential that you have a Survival Kit, water, food, a map of the area and a good knife. Also mentally preparing for what to do in various survival scenarios will help you keep calm and stay alive.
If you are in a survival situation one of the first things you become acutely aware of is staying warm. When night falls, the temperature can drop significantly even in the desert. Your Survival Gear should include an extra layer of clothes such as a long sleeve shirt, thermal underwear or even a jacket. In addition, you should always have matches, a Ferro rod & fire scraper and a small amount of kindling or fire starter. Having a fire at your temporary location will keep you warm, deter insects and pests, signal to searchers and provide you with some level of comfort.
Creating an emergency shelter doesn’t involve making a log cabin or some permanent structure. Your aim is to create a warm, dry fixture to keep you out of the elements. At a minimum your Survival Kit should have an emergency blanket which is waterproof and can also be used for signaling. If you are in the outdoors and lose your trail your best bet is to make a small fire and sleep in your emergency blanket. If you are faced with a more extensive survival situation then building a small shelter becomes a more viable endeavor. The type of shelter you build will largely depend upon the types of materials available and your terrain. Adding rope and zip ties to your Survival Gear will make the task of creating a shelter much easier to accomplish.
Lean-to – A lean-to is a classic survival shelter which involves a horizontal cross piece between two trees. Then you create a 45 degree angle roof from what appears to be an H. The roof will consist of sticks and saplings which should be tied to the cross beam for stability. Once the framework is complete you can weave brushes and grass to complete the structure. Lean-to shelters are very practical, relatively easy to make and can be created in most environments.
Fallen Logs – A large fallen tree makes and excellent windbreak. Next to one side of the log dig out some of the dirt for additional room. Then cover the area with tree limbs and brush or use an emergency blanket or tarp to cover the top.
Rock Outcropping – If you find a natural rock outcropping, you may be able to build a shelter by stacking some nearby stones to create a barrier or small structure. If possible try and add moss and foliage between the rocks to minimize the wind and create insulation.
Caves – The most readymade shelter is a cave. They are weather proof and require much less labor to construct or modify for your habitation. Approach any cave with caution as there may be wild animals living there particularly in winter.
Before you take that long road trip, go for a hike or enjoy the outdoors make sure you are prepared. If you find yourself lost in the wilderness remember to stay calm since you have your Emergency Survival Equipment with you and the know-how to build a shelter and stay warm.
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